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Design and Synthesis of a 4‑Nitrobromobenzene Derivative Bearing an Ethylene Glycol Tetraacetic Acid Unit for a New Generation of Caged Calcium Compounds with Two-Photon Absorption Properties in the Near-IR Region and Their Application in Vivo

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journal contribution
posted on 09.08.2016 by Satish Jakkampudi, Manabu Abe, Naomitsu Komori, Ryukichi Takagi, Ko Furukawa, Claudine Katan, Wakako Sawada, Noriko Takahashi, Haruo Kasai
Among biologically active compounds, calcium ions (Ca2+) are one of the most important species in cell physiological functions. Development of new calcium chelators with two-photon absorption (TPA) properties is a state-of-the-art challenge for chemists. In this study, we report the first and efficient synthesis of 5-bromo-2-nitrobenzyl-substituted ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid (EGTA) as a platform for a new generation of calcium chelators with TPA properties in the near-infrared region. New calcium chelators with high TPA properties, that is, a two-photon (TP) fragmentation efficiency of δu = 20.7 GM at 740 nm for 2-(4-nitrophenyl)­benzofuran (NPBF)-substituted EGTA (NPBF-EGTA, Kd = 272 nM) and δu = 7.8 GM at 800 nm for 4-amino-4′-nitro-1,1′-biphenyl (BP)-substituted EGTA (BP-EGTA, Kd = 440 nM) derivatives, were synthesized using Suzuki–Miyaura coupling reactions of the bromide with benzofuran-2-boronic acid and 4-(dimethylamino)­phenyl boronic acid, respectively. The corresponding acetoxymethyl (AM) esters were prepared and successfully applied to the Ca2+-uncaging reaction triggered by TP photolysis in vivo.