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Design and Synthesis of Phosphotyrosine Peptidomimetic Prodrugs

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journal contribution
posted on 01.06.2006, 00:00 by Hugo Garrido-Hernandez, Kyung D. Moon, Robert L. Geahlen, Richard F. Borch
A novel approach to the intracellular delivery of aryl phosphates has been developed that utilizes a phosphoramidate-based prodrug approach. The prodrugs contain an ester group that undergoes reductive activation intracellularly with concomitant expulsion of a phosphoramidate anion. This anion undergoes intramolecular cyclization and hydrolysis to generate aryl phosphate exclusively with a t1/2 = ∼20 min. Phosphoramidate prodrugs (810) of phosphate-containing peptidomimetics that target the SH2 domain were synthesized. Evaluation of these peptidomimetic prodrugs in a growth inhibition assay and in a cell-based transcriptional assay demonstrated that the prodrugs had IC50 values in the low micromolar range. Synthesis of phosphorodiamidate analogues containing a P−NH−Ar linker (1618) was also carried out in the hope that the phosphoramidates released might be phosphatase-resistant. Comparable activation rates and cell-based activities were observed for these prodrugs, but the intermediate phosphoramidate dianion underwent spontaneous hydrolysis with a t1/2 = ∼30 min.