Design, Synthesis, Structure−Activity Relationships, and Molecular Modeling Studies of 2,3-Diaryl-1,3-thiazolidin-4-ones as Potent Anti-HIV Agents

Starting from 1H,3H-thiazolo[3,4-a]benzimidazoles (TBZs), we performed the design, synthesis, and the structure−activity relationship studies of a series of 2,3-diaryl-1,3-thiazolidin-4-ones. Some derivatives proved to be highly effective in inhibiting HIV-1 replication at nanomolar concentrations with minimal cytotoxicity, thereby acting as nonnucleoside HIV-1 RT inhibitors (NNRTIs). Computational studies were used to delineate the ligand-RT interactions and to probe the binding of the ligands to HIV-1 RT.