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DBU-Catalyzed One-Pot Synthesis of Nearly Any Metal Salt of Fatty Acid (M-FA): A Library of Metal Precursors to Semiconductor Nanocrystal Synthesis

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posted on 18.03.2020 by Siddhant Basel, Karishma Bhardwaj, Sajan Pradhan, Anand Pariyar, Sudarsan Tamang
The metal salts of fatty acid (M-FA) are the most widely used metal precursors to colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs). They play a key role in controlling the composition, shape, and size of semiconductor NCs, and their purity is essential for attaining impeccable batch-to-batch reproducibility in the optical and electrical properties of the NCs. Herein, we report a novel, one-pot synthesis of a library of highly pure M-FAs at near-quantitative yields (up to 91%) using 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]­undec-7-ene or the related nonionic/noncoordinating base as an inexpensive and ecofriendly catalyst in a green solvent medium. The method is highly general and scalable with vast academic and industrial potential. As a practical application, we also demonstrate the use of these high-quality M-FAs in the synthesis of the spectrum of colloidal semiconductor NCs (III–V, II–VI, IV–VI, I–VI, I–III–VI, and perovskite) having absorption/emission in visible to the near-infrared region.

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