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Criticality of Symmetry in Rational Design of Chalcogenide Perovskites

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journal contribution
posted on 23.12.2017, 00:00 by A. Nijamudheen, Alexey V. Akimov
Chalcogenide perovskites constitute an emerging class of promising photovoltaic materials that are stable and less toxic than popular lead-halide perovskites. Transition-metal and chalcogenide doping are the possible strategies for improving the photovoltaic properties of these materials via the band gap engineering. At the same time, doping can facilitate nonradiative charge-carrier recombination in these materials, adversely affecting their photovoltaic properties. We report a systematic study of electronic structure and nonadiabatic dynamics in transition-metal- and chalcogenide-doped barium-zirconium-sulfide-based perovskites. The potential of these doping strategies to modulate the performance of photovoltaic materials is explored. Through the detailed analysis of the factors affecting the dynamics, we illustrate how symmetry (both structural and orbital) and decoherence can be critical to furnishing the most favorable properties. The noted factors of symmetry and decoherence may provide new rational design principles for efficient photovoltaics.