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Correlation of Solubility and Prediction of the Mixing Properties of Ginsenoside Compound K in Various Solvents

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journal contribution
posted on 13.06.2012 by Runyan Li, Hao Yan, Zhao Wang, Junbo Gong
The solubilities of ginsenoside compound K in pure solvents and binary mixture solvents were determined at several temperatures from 278.15 K to 318.15 K by a static analytical method. The experimental solubility data in pure solvents were correlated by the van’t Hoff plot, the modified Apelblat equation, the λh (Buchowski) equation, the Wilson model, and the NRTL model, with the Wilson model giving the best correlation results. Based on the Wilson model and experimental data, the mixing Gibbs free energies, enthalpies, and entropies of solutions and activity coefficients in pure solvents were predicted, and other thermodynamic properties (infinite-dilution activity coefficients and excess enthalpies) were calculated as well. In addition, the solubility was maximal at a certain water mole fraction in acetone + water mixture and acetonitrile + water mixture, whereas in a methanol + water system, the solubility decreases as the water concentration increases monotonically. The solubilities in mixture solvents were correlated by the solvent components using the Wilson model. The partial molar Gibbs free energies with negative values were obtained, which indicates the changing of the solubility.