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Comparison of Facially Amphiphilic Biaryl Dendrimers with Classical Amphiphilic Ones Using Protein Surface Recognition as the Tool

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journal contribution
posted on 19.07.2006 by Akamol Klaikherd, Britto S. Sandanaraj, Dharma Rao Vutukuri, S. Thayumanavan
Facially amphiphilic biaryl dendrimers are compared with the more classical benzyl ether amphiphilic dendrimers for molecular recognition, using protein binding as the probe. The protein used for the proposed study is chymotrypsin (ChT). A generation-dependent binding affinity was observed with the benzyl ether dendrimers, while the affinities were independent of generation in the case of the biaryl dendrimers. Similarly, although the ligands incorporated in both dendrons are the same, the biaryl dendrimers are able to bind more proteins compared to the benzyl ether dendrimers. For example, G3-dendron of biaryl dendrimer can bind six molecules of chymotrypsin, whereas G3-analogue of benzyl ether dendrimers can bind only three molecules of chymotrypsin. This result is consistent with our hypothesis that the internal layers of the facially amphiphilic biaryl dendrons are solvent-exposed and accessible for recognition. In addition, the systematic size differences in dendrons were also used to gain insights into the substrate selectivity that the enzyme gains upon binding to a ligand scaffold.