Chemical Reactivity of D3h C78 (Metallo)Fullerene: Regioselectivity Changes Induced by Sc3N Encapsulation
journal contributionposted on 14.05.2008, 00:00 by Sílvia Osuna, Marcel Swart, Josep M. Campanera, Josep M. Poblet, Miquel Solà
We report here for the first time a full comparison of the exohedral reactivity of a given fullerene and its parent trinitride template endohedral metallofullerene. In particular, we study the thermodynamics and kinetics for the Diels−Alder [4 + 2] cycloaddition between 1,3-butadiene and free D3h′-C78 fullerene and between butadiene and the corresponding endohedral D3h-Sc3N@C78 derivative. The reaction is studied for all nonequivalent bonds, in both the free and the endohedral fullerenes, at the BP86/TZP//BP86/DZP level. The change in exohedral reactivity and regioselectivity when a metal cluster is encapsulated inside the cage is profound. Consequently, the Diels−Alder reaction over the free fullerene and the endohedral derivative leads to totally different cycloadducts. This is caused by the metal nitride situated inside the fullerene cage that reduces the reactivity of the free fullerene and favors the reaction over different bonds.