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Catalytic Asymmetric C−H Activation of Alkanes and Tetrahydrofuran

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journal contribution
posted on 17.03.2000 by Huw M. L. Davies, Tore Hansen, Melvyn Rowen Churchill
Rhodium carbenoids derived from methyl aryldiazoacetates are capable of effective catalytic asymmetric C−H activation of a range of alkanes and tetrahydrofuran by a C−H insertion mechanism. Dirhodium tetrakis(S-(N-dodecylbenzenesulfonyl)prolinate) (Rh2(S-DOSP)4) catalyzed decomposition of methyl aryldiazoacetates in the presence of alkanes results in intermolecular C−H insertions with good control of regioselectivity, diastereoselectivity, and enantioselectivity. The carbenoids derived from methyl aryldiazoacetates are considerably more chemoselective than carbenoids derived from diazoacetates. They strongly favor C−H insertions into secondary and tertiary sites. Formation of side products due to carbene dimerization is not a major problem with rhodium carbenoids derived from aryldiazoacetates.