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Bulk Synthesis of Large Diameter Semiconducting Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Oxygen-Assisted Floating Catalyst Chemical Vapor Deposition

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journal contribution
posted on 13.04.2011, 00:00 by Bing Yu, Chang Liu, Peng-Xiang Hou, Ying Tian, Shisheng Li, Bilu Liu, Feng Li, Esko I. Kauppinen, Hui-Ming Cheng
Semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (s-SWCNTs) with a mean diameter of 1.6 nm were synthesized on a large scale by using oxygen-assisted floating catalyst chemical vapor deposition. The oxygen introduced can selectively etch metallic SWCNTs in situ, while the sulfur growth promoter functions in promoting the growth of SWCNTs with a large diameter. The electronic properties of the SWCNTs were characterized by laser Raman spectroscopy, absorption spectroscopy, and field effect transistor measurements. It was found that the content of s-SWCNTs in the samples was highly sensitive to the amount of oxygen introduced. Under optimum synthesis conditions, enriched s-SWCNTs can be obtained in milligram quantities per batch.