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Bimetallic CoMoS Composite Anchored to Biocarbon Fibers as a High-Capacity Anode for Li-Ion Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 30.08.2018 by Noemi Dominguez, Brenda Torres, Luis A. Barrera, Julio E. Rincon, Yirong Lin, Russell R. Chianelli, Md. Ariful Ahsan, Juan C. Noveron
Our work reports the hydrothermal synthesis of a bimetallic composite CoMoS, followed by the addition of cellulose fibers and its subsequent carbonization under Ar atmosphere (CoMoS@C). For comparison, CoMoS was heat-treated under the same conditions and referred as bare-CoMoS. X-ray diffraction analysis indicates that CoMoS@C composite matches with the CoMoS4 phase with additional peaks corresponding to MoO3 and CoMoO4 phases, which probably arise from air exposure during the carbonization process. Scanning electron microscopy images of CoMoS@C exhibit how the CoMoS material is anchored to the surface of carbonized cellulose fibers. As anode material, CoMoS@C shows a superior performance than bare-CoMoS. The CoMoS@C composite presents an initial high discharge capacity of ∼1164 mA h/g and retains a high specific discharge capacity of ∼715 mA h/g after 200 cycles at a current density of 500 mA/g compared to that of bare-CoMoS of 102 mA h/g. The high specific capacity and good cycling stability could be attributed to the synergistic effects of CoMoS and carbonized cellulose fibers. The use of biomass in the anode material represents a very easy and cost-effective way to improve the electrochemical Li-ion battery performance.