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Anti-inflammatory and Antiosteoporosis Flavonoids from the Rhizomes of Helminthostachys zeylanica

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journal contribution
posted on 07.02.2017, 15:33 by Yu-Ling Huang, Chien-Chang Shen, Yuh-Chiang Shen, Wen-Fei Chiou, Chien-Chih Chen
Chemical investigation of the rhizomes of Helminthostachys zeylanica led to the isolation of eight new flavonoids including six cyclized geranylflavonoids, ugonins V–X (13), (10R,11S)-ugonin N (4), (10R,11S)-ugonin S (5), and ugonin Y (6), as well as two quercetin glucosides, quercetin-4′-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranoside (7) and quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-4′-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranoside (8). The structures of these compounds were established by spectroscopic analyses and acid hydrolysis of the sugar moiety. Among the isolated compounds, 1, 2, 5, 6, ugonins J–S (913), ugonstilbene A (14), and ugonin L (23) were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activity on lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in microglial cells. Except for 1, 5, and 13, all other compounds inhibited NO production with IC50 values of 6.2–10.1 μM and were more potent than the positive control, pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate. Compounds 1, 2, 5, 6, and 1013 were tested for antiosteoporotic activities, and ugonin K (10) exhibited the highest inhibitory activity against RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation in RAW264.7 cells with an IC50 value of 1.8 ± 0.2 μM.