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An Organocatalytic Approach to 2-Hydroxyalkyl- and 2-Aminoalkyl Furanes

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journal contribution
posted on 22.12.2010 by Łukasz Albrecht, Lars Krogager Ransborg, Björn Gschwend, Karl Anker Jørgensen
The first enantioselective methodology for the synthesis of electron-poor 2-hydroxyalkyl- and 2-aminoalkyl furanes is demonstrated in this study. It utilizes a highly stereoselective organocatalytic one-pot reaction cascade: epoxidation or aziridination of α,β-unsaturated aldehydes followed by Feist−Bénary reaction of various 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds to give the target furanes. This efficient multibond forming reaction cascade benefits from low catalyst loadings and readily available starting materials. Furthermore, the possibility to interrupt the reaction sequence at the stage of the corresponding optically active 2-hydroxyalkyl- and 2-aminoalkyl 2,3-dihydrofuranes with three stereogenic centers is also presented. Finally, models which account for the formation of the optically active 2,3-dihydrofuranes are proposed.