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An Extraordinarily Distorted cyclo-Tetrastibine. Crystallographic Structure of a New Polymorph of cyclo-(σ-C5Me5Sb)4

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journal contribution
posted on 17.09.1996 by Omar M. Kekia, Robert L. Jones,, Arnold L. Rheingold
A new crystalline polymorph of cyclo-(Cp*Sb)4 has been crystallographically characterized that contains the mostly acutely angled four-membered, homoatomic ring system known (Sb−Sb−Sb = 76.1(1)°). In the previously reported form, the Cp* and Sb4 ring centroids (viewed along the C−Sb bond) are anti; in the new form the Cp* ring rotates over 100° to a more crowded gauche form. The new form melts at a temperature 72 °C higher than the one previously reported and is about 15% more dense. While the Sb−Sb ring distances are normal (2.836(1) Å), the transannular Sb···Sb distances are the shortest known for antimony (3.518(1) Å) and apparently provide a stabilization that compensates for the extreme ring distortion.