AlCl3‑Catalyzed Ring Expansion Cascades of Bicyclic Cyclobutenamides Involving Highly Strained Cis,Trans-Cycloheptadienone Intermediates
journal contributionposted on 29.04.2015 by Xiao-Na Wang, Elizabeth H. Krenske, Ryne C. Johnston, K. N. Houk, Richard P. Hsung
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We report the first experimental evidence for the generation of highly strained cis,trans-cycloheptadienones by electrocyclic ring opening of 4,5-fused cyclobutenamides. In the presence of AlCl3, the cyclobutenamides rearrange to [2.2.1]-bicyclic ketones; DFT calculations provide evidence for a mechanism involving torquoselective 4π-electrocyclic ring opening to a cis,trans-cycloheptadienone followed by a Nazarov-like recyclization and a 1,2-alkyl shift. Similarly, 4,6-fused cyclobutenamides undergo AlCl3-catalyzed rearrangements to [3.2.1]-bicyclic ketones through cis,trans-cyclooctadienone intermediates. The products can be further elaborated via facile cascade reactions to give complex tri- and tetracyclic molecules.