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Acid-Sensitive Polypseudorotaxanes Based on Ortho Ester-Modified Cyclodextrin and Pluronic F‑127

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journal contribution
posted on 20.01.2015 by Ran Ji, Jing Cheng, Cheng-Cheng Song, Fu-Sheng Du, De-Hai Liang, Zi-Chen Li
We demonstrate a new type of acid-sensitive amphiphilic polypseudorotaxanes (PPRs) formed via inclusion complexation between Pluronic F127 and the hydrophobic β-cyclodextrin (CD) derivative in alcoholic solvents. The 6-OH ortho ester-substituted hydrophobic β-CD derivative (EMD-CD) was prepared by “click” reaction of β-CD with 2-ethylidene-4-methyl-1,3-dioxalane under mild conditions. The water-insoluble EMD-CD (host) is capable of forming PPRs with F127 (guest) in ethanol or methanol but not in water, which is confirmed by 1H NMR, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, small-angle X-ray scattering, and the time-dependent threading kinetics. Depending on the host/guest ratio, the PPRs self-assembled into sheet-like structure or vesicular nanoparticles with different sizes in water. These PPR assemblies were stable at pH 8.4 but quickly dissociated into biocompatible products in neutral or in acidic buffers due to the hydrolysis of the ortho ester groups. Good biocompatibility, ease of fabrication, and extremely pH-sensitive character make the PPRs promising carriers for anticancer drug delivery. Moreover, the present work provides an alternative method for the preparation of PPRs composed of water-insoluble CD derivatives.