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A Single-Ion Conducting UiO-66 Metal–Organic Framework Electrolyte for All-Solid-State Lithium Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 01.04.2020 by Hui Yang, Botong Liu, Joeseph Bright, Sujan Kasani, Jianhui Yang, Xiangwu Zhang, Nianqiang Wu
A metal–organic framework (MOF) single lithium-ion conductor has been synthesized by covalently immobilizing anions to the skeleton of MOF structures. The functionalized UiO-66 MOF exhibits an electrochemical stability window of 5.2 V versus Li|Li+ and ionic conductivity of 6.0 × 10–5, 7.9 × 10–5, and 1.1 × 10–4 S/cm at 25, 60, and 90 °C, respectively. It displays single-ion conducting behavior with a high Li-ion transference number of 0.90 at 25 °C in the absence of any plasticizer. After ethylene carbonate and propylene carbonate are incorporated into the MOF structure, its ionic conductivity reaches 7.8 × 10–4 S/cm at room temperature. The MOF electrolyte has been evaluated with all-solid-state Li|MOF|LiFePO4 batteries at room temperature, showing excellent rate capacity and cycling stability.