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A Series of Metal–Organic Frameworks for Selective CO2 Capture and Catalytic Oxidative Carboxylation of Olefins

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journal contribution
posted on 09.10.2018 by Huong T. D. Nguyen, Y. B. N. Tran, Hung N. Nguyen, Tranh C. Nguyen, Felipe Gándara, Phuong T. K. Nguyen
Three new lanthanide-based metal–organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs), namely MOF-590, -591, and -592 constructed from a tetratopic linker, benzoimidephenanthroline tetracarboxylic acid (H4BIPA-TC), were synthesized under solvothermal conditions and fully characterized. All of the new MOFs exhibit three-dimensional frameworks, which adopt unprecedented topologies in MOF field. Gas adsorption measurements of MOF-591 and -592 revealed good adsorption of CO2 (low pressure, at room temperature) and moderate CO2 selectivity over N2 and CH4. Consequently, breakthrough experiments illustrated the separation of CO2 from binary mixture of CO2 and N2 with the use of MOF-592. Accordingly, MOF-592 revealed the selective CO2 capture effectively without any loss in performance after three cycles. Moreover, MOF-590, -591, and -592 showed to be catalytically active in the oxidative carboxylation of styrene and CO2 for a one-pot synthesis of styrene carbonate under mild conditions (1 atm CO2, 80 °C, and without solvent). Among the new materials, MOF-590 revealed a remarkable efficiency with exceptional conversion (96%), selectivity (95%), and yield (91%).