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Synergistic Effects of Zirconia-Coated Carbon Nanotube on Crystalline Structure of Polyvinylidene Fluoride Nanocomposites: Electrical Properties and Flame-Retardant Behavior

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posted on 02.03.2010 by Kaushik Pal, Dong Jin Kang, Zhen Xiu Zhang, Jin Kuk Kim
Pristine multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) and zirconia-coated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (ZrO2/MWNTs) by isothermal hydrolysis and the traditional chemical precipitation method have been dispersed into polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) copolymer by solution mixing in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). The effect of ZrO2-coated MWNTs on morphological properties, electrical properties, and flame-retardant behavior has been studied in comparison with virgin PVDF and PVDF/MWNTs nanocomposites. Due to the improved dispersion of the coated nanotubes, the incorporation of 3 wt % of ZrO2-coated MWNTs leads to an increase of the thermal stability and dielectric properties and a decrease of the peak heat-release rate.