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P-Heterocyclic Building Blocks:  Application to the Stereoselective Synthesis of P-Sugars

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posted on 22.07.2005, 00:00 by Diana S. Stoianova, Alan Whitehead, Paul R. Hanson
A strategy relying on the utilization of stereoselective additions to allyldiphenylphosphonate esters and subsequent ring-closing metathesis (RCM) to access P-chiral P-heterocyclic building blocks for the synthesis of phosphono sugars is described. These building blocks possess several attractive components, including the following:  (i) P(2) and C(6) stereogenic centers for directing stereoselective transformations; (ii) an activated C(3) methylene group that promotes base-mediated olefin transposition to generate vinyl phosphonates available for further stereoselective reactions; and (iii) a P(2)-stereogenic center containing an exchangeable phosphonate ester armed to attenuate the “stereochemical environment” at phosphorus. Taken collectively, these attributes contribute to a concise method for the stereoselective synthesis of an array of P-sugars.