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“Oxidative Addition” to a Zirconium(IV) Redox-Active Ligand Complex

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posted on 08.08.2005, 00:00 by Karen J. Blackmore, Joseph W. Ziller, Alan F. Heyduk
A strategy to enable reactivity analogous to oxidative addition is presented for d0 transition-metal complexes. The reaction of the redox-active ligand 2,4-di-tert-butyl-6-tert-butylamidophenolate (ap) with ZrCl4(THF)2 affords the new complex ZrIV(ap)2(THF)2. This compound is formally zirconium(IV) and contains no d electrons; however, exposure of ZrIV(ap)2(THF)2 to chlorine gas results in swift chlorine addition at the zirconium metal center via one-electron oxidation of each ap ligand. The diradical product, ZrIVCl2(isq)2 (isq = 2,4-di-tert-butyl-6-tert-butyliminosemiquinone), has been characterized by X-ray crystallography, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and SQUID magnetometery.