American Chemical Society
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[Cl@Si20H20]: Parent Siladodecahedrane with Endohedral Chloride Ion

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posted on 2021-07-13, 17:45 authored by Marcel Bamberg, Markus Bursch, Andreas Hansen, Matthias Brandl, Gabriele Sentis, Lukas Kunze, Michael Bolte, Hans-Wolfram Lerner, Stefan Grimme, Matthias Wagner
Fullerenes and diamondoids are at the core of nanoscience. Comparable monodisperse silicon analogues are scarce. Herein, we report the synthesis of the parent siladodecahedrane, which represents the largest Platonic solid. It shares its pattern of pentagonal faces with the smallest fullerene, C20, and its saturated, H-terminated skeleton with diamondoids. Similar to endofullerenes, the silicon cage encapsulates a chloride ion ([Cl@Si20H20]); similar to diamondoids, its Si–H termini offer a wealth of opportunities for further functionalization. Mere treatment with chloromethanes leads to the perchlorinated cluster [Cl@Si20Cl20]. Both compounds were characterized by mass spectrometry, X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, and quantum-chemical calculations. The experimentally determined 35Cl resonances of the endohedral chloride ions are particularly diagnostic to probe the Cl → Si20 interaction strength as a function of the different surface substituents, as we have proven by high-level computational analyses.