American Chemical Society
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α-Organoelement Nitrones:  Synthesis, Properties, and IR and 13C NMR Spectral and X-ray Structural Characterization

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posted on 2020-04-02, 17:26 authored by Maxim A. Voinov, Tikhon G. Shevelev, Tatyana V. Rybalova, Yury V. Gatilov, Natalie V. Pervukhina, Aleksei B. Burdukov, Igor A. Grigor'ev
α-Organoelement-substituted nitrones have been synthesized for the first time through the reaction of the α-lithiated cyclic aldonitrones of 3-imidazoline 3-oxide, pyrroline 1-oxide, 2H-imidazole 1-oxide, and 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline 2-oxide series with electrophilic reagents such as HgCl2, (CH3)3SiCl, (C2H5)3GeCl, (n-C4H9)3SnBr, Ph2P(O)Cl, Ph2PCl, PhSSPh, PhSeSePh, TsCl, and TsF. Aldonitrones of the 3-imidazoline 3-oxide and pyrroline 1-oxide series were shown to readily afford the products of the lithiation−electrophilic substitution reaction. In contrast, aldonitrones of the 2H-imidazole 1-oxide and 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline 2-oxide series react smoothly only with halogen-free electrophiles. It was found that an aldonitrone group could be lithiated and selectively reacted with electrophiles even when kinetically more acidic methylene and amino groups are present in the molecule. Characteristic features of IR and 13C NMR spectra of the compounds synthesized are discussed. Selected α-organoelement nitrones are characterized by an X-ray diffraction study.