American Chemical Society
jz1c03649_si_004.cif (1.3 MB)

Zero-Dimensional Lead-Free Halide with Indirect Optical Gap and Enhanced Photoluminescence by Sb Doping

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posted on 2021-12-30, 15:09 authored by Jiawei Lin, Kunjie Liu, Hang Ruan, Niu Sun, Xin Chen, Jing Zhao, Zhongnan Guo, Quanlin Liu, Wenxia Yuan
Three new lead-free organic–inorganic metal halides (OIMHs) (C7H8N3)3InX6·H2O (X = Cl, Br) and (C7H8N3)2SbBr5 were synthesized. First-principles calculations indicate that the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs) of the two In-based OIMHs are constituted of π orbitals from [C7H8N3]+ spacers. (C7H8N3)3InX6·H2O (X = Cl, Br) shows an indirect optical gap, which may result from this organic-contributed band edge. Despite the indirect-gap nature with extra phonon process during absorption, the photoluminescence of (C7H8N3)3InBr6·H2O can still be significantly enhanced through Sb doping, with the internal photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQY) increased 10-fold from 5% to 52%. A white light-emitting diode (WLED) was fabricated based on (C7H8N3)3InBr6·H2O:Sb3+, exhibiting a high color-rendering index of 90. Our work provides new systems to deeply understand the principles for organic spacer choice to obtain the 0D metal OIMHs with specific band structure and also the significant enhancement of luminescence performance by chemical doping.