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Xlink-Identifier: An Automated Data Analysis Platform for Confident Identifications of Chemically Cross-Linked Peptides Using Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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posted on 04.03.2011, 00:00 by Xiuxia Du, Saiful M. Chowdhury, Nathan P. Manes, Si Wu, M. Uljana Mayer, Joshua N. Adkins, Gordon A. Anderson, Richard D. Smith
Chemical cross-linking combined with mass spectrometry provides a powerful method for identifying protein−protein interactions and probing the structure of protein complexes. A number of strategies have been reported that take advantage of the high sensitivity and high resolution of modern mass spectrometers. Approaches typically include synthesis of novel cross-linking compounds, and/or isotopic labeling of the cross-linking reagent and/or protein, and label-free methods. We report Xlink-Identifier, a comprehensive data analysis platform that has been developed to support label-free analyses. It can identify interpeptide, intrapeptide, and deadend cross-links as well as underivatized peptides. The software streamlines data preprocessing, peptide scoring, and visualization and provides an overall data analysis strategy for studying protein−protein interactions and protein structure using mass spectrometry. The software has been evaluated using a custom synthesized cross-linking reagent that features an enrichment tag. Xlink-Identifier offers the potential to perform large-scale identifications of protein−protein interactions using tandem mass spectrometry.