jz9b02752_si_003.cif (98.98 kB)

Visualization and Manipulation of Molecular Motion in the Solid State through Photoinduced Clusteroluminescence

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posted on 05.11.2019, 16:36 by Haoke Zhang, Lili Du, Lin Wang, Junkai Liu, Qing Wan, Ryan T. K. Kwok, Jacky W. Y. Lam, David Lee Phillips, Ben Zhong Tang
The development of molecular machines has long been a dream of scientists and is expected to revolutionize many aspects of technology and medicine. As the prerequisite of a practicable molecular machine, studies on the solid-state molecular motion (SSMM) are not only of scientific importance but also practically useful. Herein, two nonconjugated molecules, 1,2-diphenylethane (s-DPE) and 1,2-bis­(2,4,5-trimethylphenyl)­ethane (s-DPE-TM), are synthesized, and their SSMM is investigated. Experimental and calculation results reveal that s-DPE and s-DPE-TM are capable of performing light-driven SSMM to form excited-state through-space complexes (ESTSC). The radiative decay of ESTSC generates an unexpected visible emission termed clusteroluminescence, which serves as a tool to visualize the process of SSMM. Meanwhile, the original packing structure can be recovered from ESTSC after the removal of light irradiation. This work provides a new strategy to manipulate and “see” the SSMM and gains new insights into clusteroluminescence.