American Chemical Society
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Vibrational Perturbation of the [FeFe] Hydrogenase H‑Cluster Revealed by 13C2H‑ADT Labeling

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posted on 2021-05-27, 20:15 authored by Vladimir Pelmenschikov, James A. Birrell, Leland B. Gee, Casseday P. Richers, Edward J. Reijerse, Hongxin Wang, Simon Arragain, Nakul Mishra, Yoshitaka Yoda, Hiroaki Matsuura, Lei Li, Kenji Tamasaku, Thomas B. Rauchfuss, Wolfgang Lubitz, Stephen P. Cramer
[FeFe] hydrogenases are highly active catalysts for the interconversion of molecular hydrogen with protons and electrons. Here, we use a combination of isotopic labeling, 57Fe nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy (NRVS), and density functional theory (DFT) calculations to observe and characterize the vibrational modes involving motion of the 2-azapropane-1,3-dithiolate (ADT) ligand bridging the two iron sites in the [2Fe]H subcluster. A −13C2H2– ADT labeling in the synthetic diiron precursor of [2Fe]H produced isotope effects observed throughout the NRVS spectrum. The two precursor isotopologues were then used to reconstitute the H-cluster of [FeFe] hydrogenase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (CrHydA1), and NRVS was measured on samples poised in the catalytically crucial Hhyd state containing a terminal hydride at the distal Fe site. The 13C2H isotope effects were observed also in the Hhyd spectrum. DFT simulations of the spectra allowed identification of the 57Fe normal modes coupled to the ADT ligand motions. Particularly, a variety of normal modes involve shortening of the distance between the distal Fe–H hydride and ADT N–H bridgehead hydrogen, which may be relevant to the formation of a transition state on the way to H2 formation.