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Validation of the Applicability of In-Cell Fast Photochemical Oxidation of Proteins across Multiple Eukaryotic Cell Lines

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posted on 16.03.2020, 12:36 by Upneet Kaur, Danté T. Johnson, Lisa M. Jones
Fast photochemical oxidation of proteins (FPOP), a hydroxyl radical-based protein footprinting method, coupled to mass spectrometry has been extensively used to study protein structure and protein–protein interactions in vitro. This method utilizes hydroxyl radicals to oxidatively modify solvent-accessible amino acids and has recently been demonstrated to modify proteins within live cells (IC-FPOP) and Caenorhabditis elegans. Here, we have expanded the application of IC-FPOP into a variety of commonly used cell lines to verify the applicability of the method across various cellular systems. IC-FPOP was able to successfully modify proteins in five different cell lines (Vero, HEK 293T, CHO, MCF-10A, and MCF-7). To increase the number of oxidatively modified proteins identified, we have also employed the use of offline high pH reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) followed by concatenation and online low-pH RPLC. The coupling of IC-FPOP to 2D-LC MS/MS resulted in a 1.7-fold increase in total identifications of oxidatively modified proteins, which expanded the dynamic range of the method. This work demonstrates the efficacy of using IC-FPOP to study protein–protein interactions in cells.