Understanding the Orientation and Dynamic Motion of Planar Heterocyclic N-Donor Ligands by Exploiting the Symmetry Properties of Mixed-Ligand μ-Oxorhenium(V) Dinuclear Complexes [ReOCl2(L)(L‘)]−O−[ReOCl2(L)(L‘)]: A Combined X-ray Structural and Dynamic NMR Investigation
datasetposted on 04.01.2000, 00:00 by Enzo Alessio, Ennio Zangrando, Elisabetta Iengo, Michela Macchi, Patricia A. Marzilli, Luigi G. Marzilli
Factors influencing the orientation and dynamic motions of planar N-donor heterocyclic ligands (L) are of interest since such features have broad relevance in metallobiochemistry [Marzilli, L. G.; Marzilli, P. A.; Alessio, E. Pure Appl. Chem. 1998, 70, 961−968]. We found that μ-oxorhenium(V) dinuclear complexes [ReOCl2LsLt]−O−[ReOCl2LsLt] bearing either symmetrical (L = py = pyridine; 3,5-lut = 3,5-lutidine) or lopsided (L = Me3Bzm = 1,5,6-trimethylbenzimidazole) cis L ligands are particularly useful for studying these factors. NMR data showed that terminal (Lt) and stacked (Ls) ligands were exchanged by ∼180° rotation about the Re−O−Re bond system. Such exchange occurred, however, between degenerate chiral conformers. Here we report a combined X-ray structural and solution NMR investigation of the AA + CC (racemic) and AC (meso) forms of two mixed-ligand μ-oxorhenium dimers that bear one lopsided and one symmetrical ligand on each Re atom, namely, Re2O3Cl4(py)2(Me3Bzm)2 (1rac and 1meso) and Re2O3Cl4(3,5-lut)2(Me3Bzm)2 (2rac and 2meso). The presence of two different cis L ligands in 1 and 2 breaks the local symmetry at each Re atom, so that, in the racemic dimers, the exchange of terminal and stacked ligands leads to nondegenerate conformers. Overall, NMR data showed that the unsymmetrical dimers 1 and 2 undergo two dynamic processes contemporaneously, namely, 180° rotation about the Re−N(py or 3,5-lut) bond and coupled rotation about the Re−O−Re/Re−N bonds. Both processes reach the slow exchange limit below −80 °C. Rotation of py in 1 occurs faster than that of 3,5-lut in 2; this difference is attributed to the higher steric demands of 3,5-lut compared to py. For both dimers NMR data provided compelling evidence of the preferred conformers in solution, including ligand orientations. The low-T solution structure of 1meso and 2meso is chiral, the same as that found in the solid state for 2meso, where the Me3Bzm on one Re atom is stacked with the 3,5-lut on the other Re atom. The remaining Me3Bzm and 3,5-lut, one on each Re atom, are both terminal. In solution the coupled Re−O−Re/Re−N rotations interconvert the two halves of each meso dimer to yield the same overall stable chiral conformation. For the racemic dimers, however, this process does not interconvert one enantiomer into the other, but instead interconverts two rotamers, R1 and R2, each of which is chiral. We found that, in the case of both 1rac and 2rac, the conformer with stacking symmetrical ligands (R1) is roughly 1 order of magnitude more stable than that with stacking Me3Bzm ligands (R2). Moreover, the solution conformation of R1 is the same as that found in the solid state of 1rac. Solution- and solid-state data indicate that the key interaction favoring the observed conformations is very likely the electrostatic attraction between the δ+ H2 atoms on the Me3Bzm ligands and the negative O and Cl groups in the core of the dimers. Finally, for both meso and racemic dimers we were also able to elucidate the preferred pathways of the coupled dynamic motions and establish that, very likely, the two halves of the dimers swing back and forth by ∼130° through the anti eclipsed form.