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Two Stable Phosphorus-Containing Four-Membered Ring Radical Cations with Inverse Spin Density Distributions

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posted on 30.04.2014, 00:00 by Yuanting Su, Xin Zheng, Xingyong Wang, Xuan Zhang, Yunxia Sui, Xinping Wang
Two phosphorus-containing four-membered ring radical cations 1•+ and 2•+ have been isolated and characterized by UV–vis absorption spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compared with neutral molecules 1 and 2, radical 1•+ has elongated P–P bonds and more pyramidalized phosphorus atoms, while shortened P–Nring distances and larger angles around phosphorus centers are observed for 2•+. EPR studies indicate that for 1•+ spin density mainly resides on the exocyclic nitrogen atoms with very minor contribution from endocyclic phosphorus atoms, while the situation is opposite for 2•+. Such an inverse spin density distribution is controlled by the exocyclic substituents, which is supported by DFT calculations.