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Two-Dimensional Heisenberg Antiferromagnets:  Syntheses, X-ray Structures, and Magnetic Behavior of [Cu(pz)2](ClO4)2, [Cu(pz)2](BF4)2, and [Cu(pz)2(NO3)](PF6)

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posted on 2007-05-14, 00:00 authored by F. Matthew Woodward, Pamela J. Gibson, Geoffrey B. Jameson, Christopher P. Landee, Mark M. Turnbull, Roger D. Willett
We report on the syntheses, crystal structures, and magnetic susceptibilities of a family of copper pyrazine (pz)-based antiferromagnets with moderate in-plane magnetic exchange. These materials fall into two classes:  monoclinic complexes [Cu(pz)2]A2 for A = ClO4 (1) or BF4 (2) and the tetragonal complex [Cu(pz)2(NO3)]PF6 (3). Compound 1 and its deuterated version [Cu(pz-d4)2](ClO4)2 (1a) crystallize in the space group C2/m at room temperature with disordered perchlorate anions. For both 1 and 2, the C centering of the Cu(II), S = 1/2, site yields four equivalent nearest neighbors, producing layers of Cu(II) ions bridged by the pz molecules, which map onto a square magnetic lattice. The layers are offset such that Cu(II) ions lie above and below the holes of adjacent layers. Compound 3 crystallizes in the space group I4/mcm with a layer structure similar to those of 1 and 2 but with Cu(II) ions of adjacent layers stacked above each other and bridged by semicoordinate NO3- ions. The variable-temperature susceptibilities in these compounds approximate a two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet with J values within the layers of 17.5(3) K (1), 15.3(3) K (2), and 10.8(3) K (3). Ordering transitions are observed in the magnetic data at 4.2(3) and 4.3(5) K for 1 and 2, respectively.