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Tuning Open Metal Site-Free ncb Type of Metal–Organic Frameworks for Simultaneously High Gravimetric and Volumetric Methane Storage Working Capacities

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posted on 09.09.2021, 13:34 authored by Zong-Hui Zhang, Han Fang, Dong-Xu Xue, Junfeng Bai
The design and synthesis of a single metal–organic framework (MOF) material with simultaneously high gravimetric and volumetric methane storage working capacities are still a great challenge. The open metal site (OMS) in MOFs is generally regarded as an advantage to enhance host–guest affinity. However, it is detrimental to the methane storage working capacity to some extent due to the resulting high low-pressure uptake. Moreover, the reported methane storage MOFs are predominately focusing on edge-transitive or low-connected mixed-linker networks. In contrast, high-connected mixed-linker MOFs have been less investigated for methane storage. Herein, three isoreticular nine-connected trinuclear iron-based Fe-ncb-MOFs without OMSs have been judiciously designed and successfully constructed by means of the mixed-linker approach associated with the fixing amide-functionalized pyridyl-carboxylate ligand LP (4-(pyridin-4-ylcarbamoyl)­benzoate) and three differing sized dicarboxylate ligands. High-pressure methane adsorption measurements show that, with the isoreticular extension from BDC (1,4-benzenedicarboxylate) to BPDC (4,4′-biphenyldicarboxylate) and ABDC (azobenzene-4,4′-dicarboxylate), three Fe-ncb-MOFs exhibit gradually increasing not only gravimetric but also volumetric storage capacities because of their balancing gravimetric surface area and volumetric surface area, hierarchical pore system, and modest CH4 heats of adsorption. Among them, the Fe-ncb-ABDC demonstrates a rare combination of simultaneously high gravimetric and volumetric CH4 storage working capacities of 0.302/0.37 g g–1 and 196/240 cm3 (STP) cm–3 at 298/273 K and between 80 and 5 bar, respectively, which outperform the 8-c Fe-8T18-ABDC assembled from a shorter pyridyl-carboxylate ligand IN (isonicotinate) and ABDC, due to its limited pore volume, the presence of OMSs, and more confined pore spaces, and place Fe-ncb-ABDC among the best performing MOFs.