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Tuning Carbon Dioxide Adsorption Affinity of Zinc(II) MOFs by Mixing Bis(pyrazolate) Ligands with N‑Containing Tags

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posted on 18.07.2019 by Rebecca Vismara, Giulia Tuci, Alessia Tombesi, Konstantin V. Domasevitch, Corrado Di Nicola, Giuliano Giambastiani, Michele R. Chierotti, Simone Bordignon, Roberto Gobetto, Claudio Pettinari, Andrea Rossin, Simona Galli
The four zinc­(II) mixed-ligand metal–organic frameworks (MIXMOFs) Zn­(BPZ)x(BPZNO2)1–x, Zn­(BPZ)x(BPZNH2)1–x, Zn­(BPZNO2)x(BPZNH2)1–x, and Zn­(BPZ)x(BPZNO2)y(BPZNH2)1–xy (H2BPZ = 4,4′-bipyrazole; H2BPZNO2 = 3-nitro-4,4′-bipyrazole; H2BPZNH2 = 3-amino-4,4′-bipyrazole) were prepared through solvothermal routes and fully investigated in the solid state. Isoreticular to the end members Zn­(BPZ) and Zn­(BPZX) (X = NO2, NH2), they are the first examples ever reported of (pyr)­azolate MIXMOFs. Their crystal structure is characterized by a three-dimensional open framework with one-dimensional square or rhombic channels decorated by the functional groups. Accurate information about ligand stoichiometric ratio was determined (for the first time on MIXMOFs) through integration of selected ligands skeleton resonances from 13C cross polarized magic angle spinning solid-state NMR spectra collected on the as-synthesized materials. Like other poly­(pyrazolate) MOFs, the four MIXMOFs are thermally stable, with decomposition temperatures between 708 and 726 K. As disclosed by N2 adsorption at 77 K, they are micro-mesoporous materials with Brunauer–Emmett–Teller specific surface areas in the range 400–600 m2/g. A comparative study (involving also the single-ligand analogues) of CO2 adsorption capacity, CO2 isosteric heat of adsorption (Qst), and CO2/N2 selectivity in equimolar mixtures at p = 1 bar and T = 298 K cast light on interesting trends, depending on ligand tag nature or ligand stoichiometric ratio. In particular, the amino-decorated compounds show higher Qst values and CO2/N2 selectivity vs the nitro-functionalized analogues; in addition, tag “dilution” [upon passing from Zn­(BPZX) to Zn­(BPZ)x(BPZX)1–x] increases CO2 adsorption selectivity over N2. The simultaneous presence of amino and nitro groups is not beneficial for CO2 uptake. Among the compounds studied, the best compromise among uptake capacity, Qst, and CO2/N2 selectivity is represented by Zn­(BPZ)x(BPZNH2)1–x.