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Truncated (N)-Methanocarba Nucleosides as Partial Agonists at Mouse and Human A3 Adenosine Receptors: Affinity Enhancement by N6‑(2-Phenylethyl) Substitution

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posted on 09.04.2020, 17:34 by Dilip K. Tosh, Veronica Salmaso, Harsha Rao, Amelia Bitant, Courtney L. Fisher, David I. Lieberman, Helmut Vorbrüggen, Marc L. Reitman, Oksana Gavrilova, Zhan-Guo Gao, John A. Auchampach, Kenneth A. Jacobson
Dopamine-derived N6-substituents, compared to N6-(2-phenylethyl), in truncated (N)-methanocarba (bicyclo[3.1.0]­hexyl) adenosines favored high A3 adenosine receptor (AR) affinity/selectivity, e.g., C2-phenylethynyl analogue 15 (MRS7591, Ki = 10.9/17.8 nM, at human/mouse A3AR). 15 was a partial agonist in vitro (hA3AR, cAMP inhibition, 31% Emax; mA3AR, [35S]­GTP-γ-S binding, 16% Emax) and in vivo and also antagonized hA3AR in vitro. Distal H-bonding substitutions of the N6-(2-phenylethyl) moiety particularly enhanced mA3AR affinity by polar interactions with the extracellular loops, predicted using docking and molecular dynamics simulation with newly constructed mA3AR and hA3AR homology models. These hybrid models were based on an inactive antagonist-bound hA1AR structure for the upper part of TM2 and an agonist-bound hA2AAR structure for the remaining TM portions. These species-independent A3AR-selective nucleosides are low efficacy partial agonists and novel, nuanced modulators of the A3AR, a drug target of growing interest.

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