Total Synthesis of (±)-Phomactin A. Lessons Learned from Respecting a Challenging Structural Topology
datasetposted on 02.09.2011, 00:00 by Grant S. Buchanan, Kevin P. Cole, Yu Tang, Richard P. Hsung
Our struggles and ultimate success in achieving a total synthesis of phomactin A are described. Our strategy features an intramolecular oxa-[3 + 3] annulation to construct its unique ABD-tricyclic manifold. Although the synthesis would constitute a distinctly new approach with the 12-membered D-ring of phomactin A being assembled simultaneously with the 1-oxadecalin at an early stage, the ABD-tricycle represents a unique structural topology that would pose a number of unprecedented challenges. One challenge concerned elaborating this tricycle to have oxygenation at the proper carbon atoms. To overcome this, we would utilize a Kornblum–DeLaMare ring-opening of a peroxide bridge as well as a challenging late-stage 1,3-allylic alcohol transposition. Further, the structural intricacies of the ABD-tricycle were uncovered by a conformational analysis that would be critical for the C5a-homologation.