ja7b02271_si_002.cif (5.22 MB)

Tin(II) Hydrides as Intermediates in Rearrangements of Tin(II) Alkyl Derivatives

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posted on 11.04.2017, 00:00 by Shuai Wang, Madison L. McCrea-Hendrick, Cory M. Weinstein, Christine A. Caputo, Elke Hoppe, James C. Fettinger, Marilyn M. Olmstead, Philip P. Power
Reactions of the Sn­(II) hydrides [ArSn­(μ-H)]2 (1) (Ar = AriPr4 (1a), AriPr6 (1b); AriP4 = C6H3-2,6-(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)2, AriPr6 = C6H3-2,6-(C6H2-2,4,6-iPr3)2) with norbornene (NB) or norbornadiene (NBD) readily generate the bicyclic alkyl-/alkenyl-substituted stannylenes, ArSn­(norbornyl) (2a or 2b) and ArSn­(norbornenyl) (3a or 3b), respectively. Heating a toluene solution of 3a or 3b at reflux afforded the rearranged species ArSn­(3-tricyclo­[,6]­heptane) (4a or 4b), in which the norbornenyl ligand is transformed into a nortricyclyl group. 1H NMR studies of the reactions of 4a or 4b with tert-butylethylene indicated the existence of an apparently unique reversible β-hydride elimination from the bicyclic substituted aryl/alkyl stannylenes 2a or 2b and 3a or 3b. Mechanistic studies indicated that the transformation of 3a or 3b into 4a or 4b occurs via a β-hydride elimination of 1a or 1b to regenerate NBD. Kinetic studies showed that the conversion of 3a or 3b to 4a or 4b is first order. The rate constant k for the conversion of 3a into 3b was determined to be 3.33 × 10–5 min–1, with an activation energy Ea of 16.4 ± 0.7 kcal mol–1.