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Thermodynamically Guided Synthesis of Mixed-Linker Zr-MOFs with Enhanced Tunability

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posted on 06.05.2016, 00:00 by Shuai Yuan, Jun-Sheng Qin, Lanfang Zou, Ying-Pin Chen, Xuan Wang, Qiang Zhang, Hong-Cai Zhou
Guided by thermodynamics, we have synthesized two mixed-linker zirconium-based metal–organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs), namely, PCN-133 and PCN-134. Both of them possess a layer-pillar structure, in which the connection between Zr6 clusters and primary BTB linkers form a (3,6)-connected kdg layer that is further extended into 3D frameworks by auxiliary DCDPS/TCPP linkers (BTB = benzene tribenzoate, DCDPS = 4,4′-dicarboxydiphenyl sulfone, TCPP = tetrakis­(4-carboxyphenyl)­porphyrin). PCN-134 demonstrates high porosity (N2 uptake of 717 cm3·g–1 and BET surface area of 1946 cm2·g–1) and excellent chemical stability in aqueous solutions with pH values ranging from 0 to 13. More importantly, PCN-134 tolerates the partial absence of auxiliary linkers leading to structural defects during the assembly process while preserving its framework integrity. Furthermore, the defect density can be systematically controlled by tuning the occupancy of the auxiliary linker, which in turn affects the MOF properties. For instance, the dichromate uptake of PCN-134 is tuned by adjusting the BTB/TCPP ratios, which gives rise to an efficient dichromate absorbent when the TCPP molar ratio in linkers is set as 22%. In addition, the photocatalytic reduction of Cr­(VI) in aqueous solution was also performed by PCN-134–22%TCPP which exhibits excellent catalytic activity. This work not only opens up a new synthetic route toward mixed-linker MOFs, but also provides tunable control of MOF defects and, in turn, the properties.