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Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescent Donor–Acceptor–Donor–Acceptor π‑Conjugated Macrocycle for Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

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posted on 2020-01-10, 14:05 authored by Saika Izumi, Heather F. Higginbotham, Aleksandra Nyga, Patrycja Stachelek, Norimitsu Tohnai, Piotr de Silva, Przemyslaw Data, Youhei Takeda, Satoshi Minakata
A new class of thermally activated delayed fluorescent donor–acceptor–donor–acceptor (D–A–D–A) π-conjugated macrocycle comprised of two U-shaped electron-acceptors (dibenzo­[a,j]­phenazine) and two electron-donors (N,N′-diphenyl-p-phenyelendiamine) has been rationally designed and successfully synthesized. The macrocyclic compound displayed polymorphs-dependent conformations and emission properties. Comparative studies on physicochemical properties of the macrocycle with a linear surrogate have revealed significant effects of the structural cyclization of the D–A-repeating unit, including more efficient thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF). Furthermore, an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) device fabricated with the macrocycle compound as the emitter has achieved a high external quantum efficiency (EQE) up to 11.6%, far exceeding the theoretical maximum (5%) of conventional fluorescent emitters and that with linear analogue (6.9%).