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Thermal Single Crystal to Single Crystal Transformation among Crystal Polymorphs in 2‑Dimethylamino-5,7-bis(trifluoromethyl)-1,8-naphthyridine and in a 1‑Quinoline Analogue

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posted on 2013-11-06, 00:00 authored by Naomi Harada, Satoru Karasawa, Taisuke Matsumoto, Noboru Koga
2-Dimethylamino-5,7-bis­(trifluoromethyl)-1,8-naphthyridine 1 was prepared as a new solid-state fluorophore. Recrystallization of 1 from CH2Cl2/n-hexane afforded three crystal polymorphs, G, BM, and BO, with the space group (crystal class) C2/c (monoclinic), P21/c (monoclinic), and Pbca (orthorhombic), respectively, at 23 °C. DSC curves for G showed one endothermic peak at 110 °C in the high temperature region and two pairs of endo- and exothermic peaks at ca. 18 and 7 °C in the low temperature region, which were assigned as crystal phase transitions. In the high temperature region, a reversible transformation from G to B (a mixture of BM and BO) by heating at 110 °C and from B to G by grinding was observed with alteration of the emitted color. In the low temperature region, X-ray crystallography suggested that G transformed to G2 (10 °C) and G4 (−50 °C) with a subtle alteration of molecular arrangements through thermal single crystal to single crystal interconversion. Eventually, 1 provided five crystal polymorphs, G, G2, G4, BM, and BO, containing eight crystallographically independent molecules. In contrast, the 1-quinoline analogue, 2, provided two crystal polymorphs, (23 °C) and (−123 °C).