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The Isocyanate Route to Cyclopentadienyl-Carboxamide- and Cyclopentadienyl-Amino Ester-Substituted Metallocene Complexes

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posted on 17.09.1996 by Markus Oberhoff, Lothar Duda, Jörn Karl, Roland Mohr, Gerhard Erker, Roland Fröhlich, Matthias Grehl
Lithium cyclopentadienide adds to a variety of isocyanates [R−NCO, R = tert-butyl (a), n-butyl (b), cyclohexyl (c), phenyl (d), 3-pyridyl (e), 2-tetrahydropyranyl (f), adamantyl (g)] to yield the monocarbamoyl-substituted cyclopentadienides C5H4CONHR- 3 admixed with varying amounts of the respective 1,2-dicarbamoyl-substituted C5H3(CONHR)2- systems 4 and a corresponding quantity of the C5H5- starting material. Subsequent treatment of these reaction mixtures with anhydrous FeCl2 gave the 1,1‘-dicarbamoylferrocenes 6 and the corresponding monocarbamoylferrocenes 5, which were easily separated by chromatography. The carbamoylferrocenes 5b, 5c, and 6d were characterized by X-ray crystal structure analyses. The (N-phenyl- and (N-adamantylcarbamoyl)cyclopentadienides were treated with CpTiCl3 to give the carboxamide-substituted titanocene dichloride complexes [Cp(C5H4CONHR)TiCl2] 8a (R = Ph) and 8b (R = adamantyl), respectively. Complex 8b was also characterized by X-ray diffraction. The valine ester-derived isocyanate reacts with lithium cyclopentadienide to give the N-valinyl-substituted carbamoylcyclopentadienide 3h. Subsequent treatment with FeCl2 or FeCl2/CpLi, respectively, produces the 1,1‘-difunctionalized ferrocene 6h or the monofunctionalized ferrocene 5h. Both complexes were characterized by X-ray crystal structure analyses.