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The Crucial Role of the Diphosphine Heteroatom X in the Stereochemistry and Stabilization of the Substitution-Inert [M(N)(PXP)]2+ Metal Fragments (M = Tc, Re; PXP = Diphosphine Ligand)

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posted on 27.12.2004, 00:00 by Francesco Tisato, Fiorenzo Refosco, Marina Porchia, Cristina Bolzati, Giuliano Bandoli, Alessandro Dolmella, Adriano Duatti, Alessandra Boschi, Christian M. Jung, Hans-Juergen Pietzsch, Werner Kraus
The nature of the heteroatom X incorporated in the five-membered PXP-diphosphine bridging chain was found to play a primary unit role both in the overall stability and in the stereochemical arrangement of nitrido-containing [M(N)(PXP)]2+ metal fragments (M = Tc, Re). Thus, by mixing PXP ligands with labile [Re(N)Cl4]- and Tc(N)Cl2(PPh3)2 nitrido precursors in CH2Cl2/MeOH mixtures, a series of neutral M(N)Cl2(PXP) complexes (M = Tc, 15; M = Re, 8, 9) was collected. In the resulting distorted octahedrons, PXP adopted facial or meridional coordination, and combination with halide co-ligands produced three different stereochemical arrangements, that is, fac,cis, mer,cis, and mer,trans, depending primarily on the nature of the diphosphine heteroatom X. When X = NH, mer,cis-Tc(N)Cl2(PNP1), 1, was the only isomer formed. Alternatively, when a tertiary amine nitrogen (X = NR; R = CH3, CH2CH2OCH3) was introduced in the bridging chain, fac,cis-M(N)Cl2(PN(R)P) complexes (M = Tc, 2, 3; M = Re, 8f) were obtained. Isomerization into the mer,cis-Re(N)Cl2(PN(R)P), 8m, species was observed only in the case of rhenium when the tertiary amine group carried the less encumbering methyl substituent. fac,cis-Tc(N)Cl2(PSP), 4f, was isolated in the solid state when X = S, but a mixture of fac,cis-Tc(N)Cl2(PSP) and mer,trans-Tc(N)Cl2(PSP), 4m, isomers was found in equilibrium in the solution state. A similar equilibrium between fac,cis-M(N)Cl2(POP) (M = Tc, 5f; M = Re, 9f) and mer,trans-M(N)Cl2(POP) (M = Tc, 5m; M = Re, 9m) species was detected in POP-containing complexes. The molecular structure of all of these complexes was assessed by means of conventional physicochemical techniques including multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis of representative mer,cis-Tc(N)Cl2(PN(H)P), 1, fac,cis-Tc(N)Cl2(PSP), 4f, and mer,cis-Re(N)Cl2(PN(Me)P), 8m, compounds.