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Targeting Acidic Mammalian chitinase Is Effective in Animal Model of Asthma

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posted on 2017-12-28, 00:00 authored by Marzena Mazur, Jacek Olczak, Sylwia Olejniczak, Robert Koralewski, Wojciech Czestkowski, Anna Jedrzejczak, Jakub Golab, Karolina Dzwonek, Barbara Dymek, Piotr L. Sklepkiewicz, Agnieszka Zagozdzon, Tom Noonan, Keyvan Mahboubi, Bruce Conway, Ryan Sheeler, Paul Beckett, William M. Hungerford, Alberto Podjarny, Andre Mitschler, Alexandra Cousido-Siah, Firas Fadel, Adam Golebiowski
This article highlights our work toward the identification of a potent, selective, and efficacious acidic mammalian chitinase (AMCase) inhibitor. Rational design, guided by X-ray analysis of several inhibitors bound to human chitotriosidase (hCHIT1), led to the identification of compound 7f as a highly potent AMCase inhibitor (IC50 values of 14 and 19 nM against human and mouse enzyme, respectively) and selective (>150× against mCHIT1) with very good PK properties. This compound dosed once daily at 30 mg/kg po showed significant anti-inflammatory efficacy in HDM-induced allergic airway inflammation in mice, reducing inflammatory cell influx in the BALF and total IgE concentration in plasma, which correlated with decrease of chitinolytic activity. Therapeutic efficacy of compound 7f in the clinically relevant aeroallergen-induced acute asthma model in mice provides a rationale for developing AMCase inhibitor for the treatment of asthma.