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Synthetic and Structural Study of the Coordination Chemistry of a peri-Backbone-Supported Phosphino-Phosphonium Salt

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posted on 18.08.2014, 00:00 by Matthew J. Ray, Michael Bühl, Laurence J. Taylor, Kasun S. Athukorala Arachchige, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin, Petr Kilian
Coordination chemistry of an acenaphthene peri-backbone-supported phosphino-phosphonium chloride (1) was investigated, revealing three distinct modes of reactivity. The reaction of 1 with Mo­(CO)4(nor) gives the Mo(0) complex [(1)­Mo­(CO)4Cl] (2), in which the ligand 1 exhibits monodentate coordination through the phosphine donor and the P–P bond is retained. PtCl2(cod) reacts with the chloride and triflate salts of 1 to form a mononuclear complex [(1Cl)­PtCl2] (3) and a binuclear complex [((1Cl)­PtCl)2]­[2TfO] (4), respectively. In both of these complexes, the platinum center adds across the P–P bond, and subsequent chloride transfer to the phosphenium center results in phosphine-chlorophosphine bidentate coordination. [((1)­PdCl)2] (5) was isolated from the reaction of 1 and Pd2(dba)3 (dba = dibenzylideneacetone). Oxidative addition to palladium(0) results in a heteroleptic phosphine bridging phosphide coordination to the Pd­(II) center. In addition, reaction of 1 with BH3·SMe2 leads to the bis­(borane) adduct of the corresponding mixed tertiary/secondary phosphine (6), with BH3 acting as both a reducing agent and a Lewis acid. The new compounds were fully characterized, including X-ray diffraction. The ligand properties of 1 and related bonding issues are discussed with help of DFT computations.