American Chemical Society
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Synthesis of Well-Defined N-Heterocyclic Carbene Silver(I) Complexes

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posted on 2005-12-19, 00:00 authored by Pierre de Frémont, Natalie M. Scott, Edwin D. Stevens, Taramatee Ramnial, Owen C. Lightbody, Charles L. B. Macdonald, Jason A. C. Clyburne, Colin D. Abernethy, Steven P. Nolan
A series of N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)AgCl complexes [NHC = SIMes (1), IPr (2), SIPr (3), IPrMe (4), IMe (5), ICy (6), IAd (7), IsB (8), IDD (9), and TPh (10)] have been synthesized through reaction of the imidazolium chloride salts with Ag2O or by direct metalation of the corresponding imidazol-2-ylidene carbene in the presence of AgCl. All silver(I) complexes [(SIMes)AgCl] (11), [(IPr)AgCl] (12), [(SIPr)AgCl] (13), [(IPrMe)AgCl] (14), [(IMe)AgCl] (15), [(ICy)AgCl] (16), [(IAd)AgCl] (17), [(IsB)AgCl] (18), [(IDD)AgCl] (19), and [(TPh)AgCl] (20) have been spectroscopically and structurally characterized. The structure of these silver complexes is dependent on the halide and the solvent used for the synthesis. Adjusting these parameters has led to the previously reported complex, [(IMes)2Ag]+[AgCl2]- (21), and to a new silver complex, [(IMes)2Ag]+2[Ag4I6]2- (22).