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Synthesis of Panchromatic Ru(II) Thienyl-Dipyrrin Complexes and Evaluation of Their Light-Harvesting Capacity

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posted on 06.02.2012, 00:00 by Guocan Li, Lipika Ray, Elliot N. Glass, Kirill Kovnir, Andrey Khoroshutin, Serge I. Gorelsky, Michael Shatruk
Ru­(II) complexes with 5-(3-thienyl)-4,6-dipyrrin (3-TDP), containing 2,2′-bipyridine (bpy) or 4,4′-bis­(methoxycarbonyl)-2,2′-bipyridine (dcmb) as coligands, have been prepared and extensively characterized. Crystal structure determination of [Ru­(bpy)2(3-TDP)]­PF6 (1a) and [Ru­(bpy)­(3-TDP)2] (2) reveals that the 3-thienyl substituent is rotated with respect to the plane of the dipyrrinato moiety. These complexes, as well as [Ru­(dcmb)2(3-TDP)]­PF6 (1b), act as panchromatic light absorbers in the visible range, with two strong absorption bands observable in each case. A comparison to known Ru­(II) complexes and quantum-chemical calculations at the density functional theory (DFT) level indicate that the lower-energy band is due to metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) excitation, although the frontier occupied metal-based molecular orbitals (MOs) contain significant contributions from the 3-TDP moiety. The higher energy band is assigned to the π–π* transition of the 3-TDP ligand. Each complex exhibits an easily accessible one-electron oxidation. According to DFT calculations and spectroelectrochemical experiments, the first oxidation takes place at the RuII center in 1a, but is shifted to the 3-TDP ligand in 1b. An analysis of MO energy diagrams suggests that complex 1b has potential to be used for light harvesting in the dye-sensitized (Grätzel) solar cell.