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Synthesis of Enantiopure 4-Hydroxypipecolate and 4-Hydroxylysine Derivatives from a Common 4,6-Dioxopiperidinecarboxylate Precursor

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posted on 09.01.2004, 00:00 by J. Marin, C. Didierjean, A. Aubry, J.-R. Casimir, J.-P. Briand, G. Guichard
tert-Butyl 2-substituted 4,6-dioxo-1-piperidinecarboxylates 4 have been prepared in good yield starting from Boc-Asp-OtBu and other β-amino acids. By analogy with chiral tetramic acids, their reduction by NaBH4 in CH2Cl2/AcOH afforded the corresponding cis-4-hydroxy δ-lactams in good yield and stereoselectivity (68−98% de). In the absence of the A(1,3) strain (reduction of 6-substituted 2,4-dioxo-1-piperidines 7), the cis-4-hydroxy isomer was still obtained as the major product but the de values were consistently lower. 4-Hydroxy-6-oxo-1,2-piperidinedicarboxylate 2a, readily accessible from Boc-Asp-OtBu (three steps, 63% overall yield), has proven to be an excellent building block for the synthesis of cis- and trans-4-hydroxypipecolates 17 and 24 (52 and 36% overall yield, respectively) and for the synthesis of a protected 4-hydroxylysine derivative 29 (41% overall yield).