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Synthesis of Cyclic β-Glucan Using Laminarinase 16A Glycosynthase Mutant from the Basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium

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posted on 10.02.2010, 00:00 by Jonas Vasur, Rie Kawai, K. Hanna M. Jonsson, Göran Widmalm, Åke Engström, Martin Frank, Evalena Andersson, Henrik Hansson, Zarah Forsberg, Kiyohiko Igarashi, Masahiro Samejima, Mats Sandgren, Jerry Ståhlberg
Glycosynthases are precise molecular instruments for making specifically linked oligosaccharides. X-ray crystallography screening of ligands bound to the 1,3(4)-β-d-glucanase nucleophile mutant E115S of Phanerochaete chrysosporium Laminarinase 16A (Lam16A) showed that laminariheptaose (L7) bound in an arch with the reducing and nonreducing ends occupying either side of the catalytic cleft of the enzyme. The X-ray structure of Lam16A E115S in complex with α-laminariheptaosyl fluoride (αL7F) revealed how αL7F could make a nucleophilic attack upon itself. Indeed, when Lam16A E115S was allowed to react with αL7F the major product was a cyclic β-1,3-heptaglucan, as shown by mass spectrometry. NMR confirmed uniquely β-1,3-linkages and no reducing end. Molecular dynamics simulations indicate that the cyclic laminariheptaose molecule is not completely planar and that torsion angles at the glycosidic linkages fluctuate between two energy minima. This is the first report of a glycosynthase that joins the reducing and nonreducing ends of a single oligosaccharide and the first reported synthesis of cyclic β-glucan.