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Synthesis of Bridged Molecular Gyroscopes with Closed Topologies: Triple One-Pot Macrocyclization

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posted on 21.10.2011 by Patrick Commins, Jose E. Nuñez, Miguel A. Garcia-Garibay
We describe the synthesis and characterization of six bridged molecular gyroscopes with m-alkoxy-substituted trityl stators and dialkynylphenylene rotators. All of the bridged molecular gyroscopes were synthesized convergently to form the phenolic stator–rotator framework, while the alkyl and benzophenone bridges were installed in one step by relatively efficient one-pot reactions to form macrocyclic diether or diester linkages. The isolated yield per bond-forming reaction varied from ca. 42% to 80%, with one exception where macrocyclization failed to produce the desired product. The molecular structure and crystal packing of each of the bridged molecular gyroscopes were determined via single crystal X-ray diffraction. Like most molecular gyroscopes with open topologies previously studied, the singly bridged structures pack by interdigitating one trityl stator in one molecule next to the rotator of an adjacent molecule in the lattice. In contrast, the triply bridged molecular gyroscopes were found to pack in lamellar sheets that prevent the rotator–stator interdigitation of adjacent molecules. However, solvent molecules and conformationally flexible bridges tend to fill in the packing volume by collapsing next to the rotator or by extending one of their bridges into the cavity of a neighboring molecule.

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