Synthesis of 1‑Cyanoalkynes and Their Ruthenium(II)-Catalyzed Cycloaddition with Organic Azides to Afford 4‑Cyano-1,2,3-triazoles
datasetposted on 09.04.2018, 00:00 by Peiye Liu, Ronald J. Clark, Lei Zhu
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A new method to convert terminal alkynes under relatively mild conditions to 1-cyanoalkynes using in situ formed cyanogen is described. 1-Cyanoalkynes have a higher reactivity than terminal alkynes in the ruthenium(II)-catalyzed regiospecific azide–alkyne cycloaddition to afford 4-cyano-1,2,3-triazoles. A mechanistic proposal different from the one that terminal alkynes adopt under the same reaction conditions is proposed. This work provides a new and convenient two-step sequence to prepare 4-cyano-1,2,3-triazoles from terminal alkynes and organic azides.