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Synthesis of 1‑Cyanoalkynes and Their Ruthenium(II)-Catalyzed Cycloaddition with Organic Azides to Afford 4‑Cyano-1,2,3-triazoles

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posted on 09.04.2018, 00:00 by Peiye Liu, Ronald J. Clark, Lei Zhu
A new method to convert terminal alkynes under relatively mild conditions to 1-cyanoalkynes using in situ formed cyanogen is described. 1-Cyanoalkynes have a higher reactivity than terminal alkynes in the ruthenium­(II)-catalyzed regiospecific azide–alkyne cycloaddition to afford 4-cyano-1,2,3-triazoles. A mechanistic proposal different from the one that terminal alkynes adopt under the same reaction conditions is proposed. This work provides a new and convenient two-step sequence to prepare 4-cyano-1,2,3-triazoles from terminal alkynes and organic azides.

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