Synthesis and Properties of Covalently Linked AzaBODIPY–BODIPY Dyads and AzaBODIPY-(BODIPY)2 Triads
datasetposted on 2017-06-19, 00:00 authored by Sunit Kumar, Kishor G. Thorat, Mangalampalli Ravikanth
The azaBODIPYs containing one and two formyl functional groups on the 1,7-aryl groups present at the azaBODIPY core were synthesized over sequence of steps and characterized by mass, NMR, absorption, and electrochemical techniques. The monoformylated and diformylated azaBODIPYs are very useful synthons to prepare a wide variety of new fluorescent compounds. The mono- and diformylated azaBODIPYs were treated with pyrrole under mild acidic conditions followed by column chromatographic purification to afford azaBODIPYs appended with one and two dipyrromethanyl groups. The dipyrramethanyl groups of azaBODIPYs were oxidized with DDQ and complexed with BF3·Et2O to obtain covalently linked azaBODIPY–BODIPY dyads and azaBODIPY-(BODIPY)2 triads. The dyads and triads were characterized in detail by HR-MS, 1D and 2D NMR, absorption, fluorescence, and electrochemical techniques and the structure of one of the triads was deduced by X-ray crystallography. The crystal structure of azaBODIPY-(BODIPY)2 triad revealed that the two BODIPY units were in perpendicular orientation with azaBODIPY unit. The absorption and electrochemical studies indicated a weak interaction among the BODIPY and azaBODIPY moieties and the moieties retain their independent characteristic features in dyads and triads. The preliminary fluorescence studies supported an efficient energy transfer from BODIPY unit(s) to azaBODIPY unit in dyads and triads.